How to get a full driving licence

The driving test is split into 2 parts:

A theory test and a practical driving test

The theory test

Again this is split into 2 parts, both of which must be passed at the same sitting.

  • MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS – 50 questions asked within 57 minutes shown on a touch screen with a number of possible answers to choose from. The pass mark is 43 correct answers from the 50 questions.
  • HAZARD PERCEPTION TEST – You will be shown 14 video clips with 15 developing hazards. For each hazard spotted you will be awarded points. The marks are given based on how early you do spot the road problem from a maximum of 5 down to zero. The pass mark is 44 marks from a possible 75.

During your practical driving training you can attempt the theory test at any time but this must be passed before you can apply for your driving test.

Changes to the theory test: the facts

From 23 January 2012 the theory test will be made up of multiple-choice questions which are no longer published in learning materials.

The reason behind the move is to stop candidates from simply memorising theory test questions and answers and learning by rote.

DSA theory test books

Revision materials still available

New official driving and riding theory books were published in September 2011 to help candidates prepare for the test and for life on the road.

The new books contain:

  • new sections of text for motorcyclists, a free e-book for car drivers and full references throughout to help candidates learn and revise
  • questions and answers for revision, including practice for case studies
  • the official DSA explanations for every revision question, helping candidates fully understand the answer

This approach to learning will help candidates to gain a better knowledge and understanding of driving theory which will help them respond correctly to the new, reworded live questions used in the actual test.

No changes to the format of the test

No changes are being made to the format of the theory test. It will still be made up of a multiple-choice part and a hazard perception part.

The time allowed and the pass marks will stay the same.

Find out more

You can find details about the new official learning materials at

For information about how the theory test works, visit

The practical driving test

New driver

Louis, who passed with me first time

The test consists of:

  • an eyesight test
  • 2 vehicle safety questions
  • A drive lasting approximately 40 minutes where you will be expected to show:
    • that you can drive safely
    • that you know the Highway Code and can demonstrate this through your driving

During the test you will drive on a variety of roads that will include typical road and traffic conditions. You will be asked to do set exercises including 1 manoeuvre and maybe an emergency stop. You will also drive for about 10 minutes independently following sets of directions backed up with a diagram or following road signs to various places. For example- follow signs for the M62 and Humber Bridge or Beverley and York etc.

You can make up to 15 driving errors and still pass. 16 driving faults or faults that are regarded as serious or dangerous will mean that you are unsuccessful.